Mohammed and the Unbelievers
The Jews And Hypocrites
I351 After a few months the leaders of the Jews could see what lay ahead and began to speak against Mohammed. They were joined by some of the Arabs who respected the ancient religions that Mohammed condemned. Just as in Mecca, he disparaged others’ religious customs, cursed their gods, and said their ancestors would burn in Hell. Most of the Arabs who disapproved of Mohammed’s tactics were silent in pub-lic because of Mohammed’s increasing political power. Those Muslims who were public Muslims but private critics were called hypocrites.
I351 The rabbis began to ask difficult questions of Mohammed, who would not tol-erate any resistance to his word. Doubts and questions about his doctrine were doubts about Allah, and doubts about Allah were evil. However, two of the Jewish Arabs joined Mohammed as Muslims. They believed him when he said he was the prophesied Jewish prophet come to fulfill the Torah.
I351 Some of the Arabs pretended to convert in order to save their lives. Actually, they preferred the Jews to Mohammed and worked against Mohammed when they could.
I351 Before Mohammed arrived, the Arabs who practiced the ancient Arabic relig-ions were content within their religion and tolerant of other religions. Many Arabs became Muslims because they were pressured to do so. They chose Islam to save their lives. But in secret they were hypocrites who allied themselves with the Jews because they thought Mohammed was deluded.
According to the Koran:
2:8 And some of the people [the Jews] say, “We believe in Allah and the Day,” al-though they do not really believe.
I365 The hypocrites were also cursed by Allah and would be damned:
2:9 They wish to deceive Allah and His believers, but they fool no one but them-selves although they do not know it. Their hearts are diseased, and Allah has in-creased their suffering. They will suffer an excruciating doom because of their lies.
I365 The Koran gives an analogy about the hypocrites:
2:16 It is these who have bought error at the price of guidance. Their purchase is profitless, and they have lost the right direction. They are like the ones who lit a fire, and when it shed its light all around them, Allah took it away and left them in total darkness where they were unable to see. Deaf, dumb and blind, they will never turn back to the right path.
I355 One of the Medinans became a Muslim and later began to doubt the truth of Mohammed and said, “If this man is right, we are worse than donkeys.” His best friend had converted and told Mohammed of this friend’s doubts. Mohammed be-lieved allegiance to Islam came before family, nation, or friend. When he confronted the man about his remarks and doubts, the man denied them.
The Koran’s comments:
9:74 They swear by Allah that they said nothing wrong, yet they spoke blasphemy, and some Muslims became kafirs. They planned what they could not carry out [a plan against Mohammed], and only disapproved of it because Allah and His Mes-senger had enriched them by His bounty [the resistance to Mohammed decreased when the money from the spoils of war came into the Medinan economy]. If they repent, it will be better for them, but if they fall back into their sin, Allah will afflict them with a painful doom in this world and the next. On earth they will have nei-ther friend nor protector.
I356 Ironically, the friend who reported the doubts to Mohammed later turned against Mohammed, killed two Muslims during battle, and fled to Mecca. Moham-med ordered him killed, but he escaped. Again the Koran:
3:86 How will Allah guide the people who fall into disbelief after having been believ-ers and having acknowledged the messenger as true and after having received clear signs? Allah does not guide those that do evil. As for these, they will receive Allah’s curse, as well as the curse of His angels and of all mankind, and they will live under it forever. Their punishment will not be lightened nor will they be forgiven except for those who repent and change their ways. Allah is forgiving and merciful.
I357 Mohammed used to say one of the hypocrites had the same face as Satan. The man used to sit and listen to Mohammed and then take what he said back to the hypocrites. He said of Mohammed, “Mohammed
is all ears. If anyone tells him anything he will believe it.” The Koran speaks of him:
9:61 There are some of them who injure the Messenger and say, “He is only a hearer.” Say: He is a hearer of good for you. He believes in Allah and believes in the faithful. He is a mercy to those of you who believe, but those who injure the Mes-senger of Allah will suffer a painful doom.
I357 Later at the Battle of Uhud, one of the hypocrites said that if it were left to him they would not be there. The Koran’s response:
3:154 Then, after the trouble Allah sent down upon you, He sent down calmness to wash over some of you. Some were overtaken by sleep, and others lay awake, stirred by their own passions, ignorantly thinking unjust thoughts about Allah. And they ask, “What do we gain by this affair?” Say: Truly the affair is entirely in Allah’s hands. They hide in their hearts that which they do not want to tell you. They speak out saying, “If we had any say in this affair then none of us would have been killed here.” Say: If you had stayed at home, those of you who were destined to be killed would have died regardless. This has taken place so that Allah might test your faith and see what is in your hearts.
I357 The same man later said at another tough battle, “Mohammed has said we will take the treasures of Persia and Rome, but it is not safe for us to go to the privy.” Again the Koran:
33:12 There were the believers tried, and they were severely shaken. The hypocrites and the diseased of heart said, “Allah and His Messenger promised us only to de-ceive us.”
I358 One of the hypocrites excused his criticism by saying he was only talking and jesting. No criticism was too small to go unnoticed. The Koran:
2:14 And when they meet with the faithful they say, “We believe too.” But when they are alone with their fellow devils [Jews and Christians] they say, “Really, we are with you. We were only mocking them.”
I365 Mohammed said the hypocrites changed their faces depending upon whom they were with. When they were with Muslims, they believed. But when they were with the evil ones (the Jews) they said they were loyal to them. It was the Jews who ordered them to deny the truth and contradict Mohammed.
2:15 Allah will throw their mockery back on them and leave them to wander alone in their blindness.
When Mohammed came to Medina about half the population was Jewish. There were three tribes of Jews and two tribes of Arabs. Almost none of the Jews had He-brew names and had adopted Arabic culture. At the same time, many of the Arabs’ religious practices contained elements of Judaism. Before Mohammed arrived, there had been bad blood and killing among the tribes. The last battle had been fought by the two Arab tribes, but all three of the Jewish tribes had joined the battle with their particular Arab allies. In addition to that tension between the two Arab tribes, there was tension between the Jews and the Arabs.
The Jews were farmers and tradesmen and lived in their own quarters, which were somewhat fortified. In general, they were better educated and more prosperous than the Arabs were. It was because of these quarrelsome tribal relationships that Mo-hammed was invited to Medina. But the result was further polarization, not unity. The new split was between Islam and the Arabs and Jews who resisted Islam.
THE REAL TORAH IS IN THE KORAN
A running commentary of the Sira claims that the Jews and Christians corrupted their sacred texts in order to conceal the fact that the coming of Mohammed was prophesied in their scriptures. The stories in the Koran are similar to those of the Jewish scriptures, but they have different plots and make different points. According to Islam the difference is that the real Torah (the first five books of the Jewish scrip-tures: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy) is in the Koran. Mo-hammed said the scriptures of the Jews were changed to hide the fact that Islam is the true religion. According to him, the Jewish scriptures are corrupt; the Koran is perfect and contains the real stories.
I364 But the Jews did not believe Mohammed was a prophet. In turn, the Muslims believed the Jews were in error and cursed by Allah and would never find guidance and meaning. Although the rabbis said publicly that Mohammed was a liar and would receive Hell-fire as a punishment, they really knew the Koran was right and their scriptures were falsified to avoid the truth of Mohammed. They were just too proud to admit it, and by denying his prophethood they conspired against Moham-med and Islam. Since Allah determined all that happens, it was Allah who had caused them to not believe Mohammed, and they would burn in Hell for it.
2:6 As for the kafirs, whether you warn them or not, they will not believe. Their hearts and ears are sealed up by Allah, and their eyes are covered as well. There will be a dreadful doom awaiting them.
I367 The Koran and Mohammed taught that Mohammed was the final prophet. His coming had been foretold in the original Torah. Allah had blessed the Jews and protected them, but now they refused to believe the final and ideal prophet. The Jews were not ignorant but deceitful, and they knew the truth of Mohammed and hid the truth with lies.
2:40 Children of Israel! Remember the favor I have given you, and keep your cove-nant with Me. I will keep My covenant with you. Fear My power. Believe in what I reveal [the Koran], which confirms your Scriptures, and do not be the first to disbe-lieve it. Do not part with My revelations for a petty price. Fear Me alone. Do not mix up the truth with lies or knowingly hide the truth.
I367 The Koran repeated the many favors that Allah had done for the Jews—they were the chosen people delivered from slavery under the pharaoh and given the sa-cred Torah but all they had ever done was sin. They had been forgiven many times by Allah, and still they were as hard as rocks and refused to believe Mohammed. They had perverted the Torah after understanding it; the Jews had gone so far as to confuse others about Mohammed. They refused to recognize Mohammed as the true prophet, and they contradicted what they knew to be the truth found in the real Torah, not the corrupted one they produced instead.
2:74 Then your hearts were hardened like rocks, or even worse, for there are some rocks from which rivers gush forth; some are split in two and water comes out of them, and others fall down from fear of Allah. Allah is not at all unaware of your actions.
2:75 Can you believers then hope that the Jews will believe you even though they heard the Word of Allah and purposefully altered it after they understood its meaning?
I369 The Jews’ sins were so great that Allah had changed them into apes and pigs. Still they would not learn and refused to admit that Mohammed was their prophet. They knew fully well the truth and hid it to confuse others. Even when they told Mo-hammed they believed, they concealed their resistance.
2:65 And you know those among you who sinned on the Sabbath. We said to them, “You will be transformed into despised apes.”
5:59 Say: O, people of the Book [Jews and Christians], do you not reject us only be-cause we believe in Allah, in what He has sent down to us, in what He has sent be-fore us, and because most of you are wrongdoers? Say: Can I tell you of retribution worse than this that awaits them with Allah? It is for those who incurred the curse of Allah and His anger; those whom He changed into apes [Jews] and swine [Chris-tians]; those who worship evil are in a worse place, and have gone far astray from the right path.
5:61 When they presented themselves to you they said, “We believe,” but they came as kafirs to you, and as kafirs they left. Allah well knew what they concealed.
I370 The Jews had understood the truth and then changed it to avoid admitting Mohammed was right. They had done the same thing to Moses; when some of the Jews told Moses they wished to hear Allah as he did, he had them purify themselves and he took them to Mt. Sinai. Allah did speak so that they also might hear what he commanded and prohibited. But later Moses found that they changed the Word of Allah. So the Jews were only doing to Mohammed what they had done to Moses, changing the Torah .
2:75 Can you believers then hope that the Jews will believe you even though they heard the Word of Allah and purposefully altered it after they understood its meaning?
2:79 Wretchedness will come to those who write their own scriptures and then claim, “This is from Allah,” so that they can sell it for a pitiful price. They will have a mournful fate because of what they have written and for what they have earned by their actions.
MOHAMMED IS THE REAL JEW
I381 Christians and Jews argued with Mohammed that if he wished to be saved from Hell he would have to convert. Mohammed answered that he was the one who truly followed the religion of Abraham and he was the true Jew with the true Torah.
2:135 They say, “Become a Christian or a Jew, and you will be rightly guided to sal-vation.” Say: No! We follow the religion of Abraham, the upright, and he was no idol worshipper. Say: We believe in Allah and in that which has been revealed to us, and to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the tribes, and in that given to Moses and Jesus and all other messengers by our Lord.
I383 Mohammed entered a Jewish school and called the Jews to Islam. One asked him, “What is your religion, Mohammed?”
“The religion of Abraham.”
“But Abraham was a Jew.”
“Then let the Torah judge between us.” He meant the Torah of the Koran.
3:66 Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but a righteous man, a Muslim, not an idol worshipper. Doubtless the ones who follow Abraham are the closest to him, along with this messenger and the believers. Allah is protector of the faithful. Some of the People of the Book try to lead you astray, but they only mislead themselves, although they may not realize it.
I397 Three Jews came to Mohammed and said, “Do you not allege that you follow the religion of Abraham and believe in the Torah, which we have, and testify that it is the truth from Allah?” He replied, “Certainly, but you have sinned and broken the covenant contained therein and concealed what you were ordered to make plain to men. I disassociate myself from your sin.” The concealment was the part of the Torah that prophesied the coming of Ahmed (Mohammed).
5:71 Say: O, people of the Book [Jews and Christians], you have no ground to stand on until you observe the Law and the Gospel and that which was sent down to you from your Lord. The Book [the Koran] that was sent down from your Lord will certainly increase the rebellion and unbelief of many of them, but do not be grieved for the kafirs.
I399 Jews came to Mohammed and said, “Is it true that what you have brought to us is from Allah? For our part we cannot see that it is arranged as the Torah is.” He replied, “You know quite well that it is from Allah. You will find it written in the To-rah which you have.” By this he meant the real Torah that they concealed.
B3,48,850 Ibn Abbas said, “O Muslims? How do you ask the people of the Scriptures, though the Koran which was revealed to His Prophet is the most recent information from Allah and you recite it, the Book that has not been distorted? Allah has revealed to you that the people of the scriptures have changed with their own hands what was revealed to them and they have said (as regards to their corrupted Scriptures): This is from Allah, in order to get some worldly benefit thereby.” Ibn Abbas added: “Isn’t the knowledge re-vealed to you sufficient to prevent you from asking them? By Allah I have never seen any one of them asking Muslims about what has been revealed to you.”
AN OMINOUS CHANGE
I381 While living in Mecca, Mohammed spoke well of the Jews, who were few in number. In Medina there were many Jews and his relations with them were tense. Until now Mohammed had led prayer in the direction of Jerusalem. Now he changed the kiblah, the direction of prayer, to the Kabah in Mecca. Some of the Jews asked why he changed it since he had said he followed the religion of Abraham. The Koran:
2:142 The foolish ones will say, “What makes them turn from the kiblah?” Say, Both the east and the west belong to Allah. He will guide whom He likes to the right path.
I382 Mohammed summoned the Jews to follow Islam. He made it sound attractive and warned them of Allah’s punishment and vengeance. The Jews said they would follow the religion of their fathers. The Koran:
2:170 When it is said to them, “Follow what Allah has revealed,” they say, “No, we follow the practices of our ancestors.” What? Even though their ancestors were ig-norant and without guidance?
B4,56,662 The Prophet said, “You will follow the wrong ways of your predecessors so completely and literally that if they should go into the hole of a mastigure, you too will go there.”
We said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Do you mean the Jews and the Christians?” He replied, “Whom else?”
B4,56,668 Allah’s Apostle said, “The Jews and the Christians do not dye their gray hair, so you shall do the opposite of what they do (i.e., they were to dye their gray hair and beards).”
B4,55,609 When the Prophet came to Medina, he found the Jews fasting on the day of Ashura. They used to say: “This is a great day on which Allah saved Moses and drowned the folk of Pharaoh. Moses observed the fast on this day as a sign of gratitude to Allah.”
The Prophet said, “I am closer to Moses than they.” So he observed the fast on that day and ordered the Muslims to fast on it.